- Sleep deprivation
- Illnesses with fever
- Certain medications (eg, antidepressants, tranquilizers, anticonvulsants, antihistamines)
- Medical illness (such as, migraine , asthma , arrhythmia , heartburn , sleep apnea )
- Having a psychiatric disorders (eg, panic attack , post-traumatic stress syndrome )
- Family history of sleepwalking
- Being a child (most common in preschool to preadolescence)
- Problems that may disrupt sleep such as bed wetting or sleep apnea
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- Sitting up in bed and repeating certain movements (eg, rubbing eyes, fumbling with clothes)
- Talking in your sleep
- Difficulty arousing during a sleepwalking episode
- Doing inappropriate behavior during a sleepwalking episode (eg, urinating in closets)
- Becoming violent when a person tries to wake you
- Not remembering the event
- Family history
- Underlying illness or stress
Strategies to Prevent Injury
- Remove dangerous objects from your room
- Keep doors and windows closed and locked
- Increase the amount of time scheduled for sleep.
- Avoid alcohol and certain medications that may trigger sleepwalking.
- Have a regular bedtime routine.
American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org/
National Sleep Foundation http://www.sleepfoundation.org/
About Kids Health http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/
Better Sleep Council Canada http://www.bettersleep.ca/
Sleepwalking. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated January 1, 2011. Accessed August 13, 2012.
Guilleminault C, Kirisoglu C, Bao, G, et al. Adult chronic sleepwalking and its treatment based on polysomnography. Brain . 2005; 128:1062-1069.
Guilleminault C, Palombini L, Pelayo R, Chervin RD. Sleepwalking and sleep terrors in prepubertal children: what triggers them?. Pediatrics . 2003;111:17-25.
Hafeez ZH, Kalinowski CM. Somnambulism induced by quitapine: two case reports and a review of the literature. CNS Spectrums. 2007;12:910-912.
Pressman MR. Factors that predispose, prime and precipitate NREM parasomnias in adults: clinical and forensic implications. Sleep Med Rev . 2007:11:5-30
Sleepwalking. National Sleep Foundation website. Available at: http://www.sleepfoundation.org/article/sleep-related-problems/sleepwalking Accessed August 13, 2012.
Sleepwalking. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/sleepwalking.html . Accessed August 13, 2012.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 10/2012 -
- Update Date: 10/11/2012 -