Squamous Cell Carcinoma
(Skin cancer-Squamos Cell)
|Squamous Cell Carcinoma|
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- Increasing age
- Blonde or red hair
- Blue or green eyes
- Childhood sunburns, freckling, or long periods of sun exposure
- Fair skin that rarely tans
- A family history of skin cancer
- A personal history of skin cancer
- Treatment that suppresses the immune system, such as such as having an organ transplant
- History of radiation or ultraviolet light treatment
- Frequent use of tanning beds
- Exposure to cancer causing chemical such as arsenic, tar, or some insecticides
- Being a smoker
- Past infection with human papillomavirus (HPV)
- A raised red patch that is scaly or rough
- A raised patch of skin that may appear to have horn-like rough edges
- In color, the patch may be reddish, pink, flesh-colored, or reddish-brown
- A long-standing sore that will not heal with simple at-home treatment
- Mohs micrographic surgery—microscopic surgery that offers the best cure rate for squamous cell carcinoma
- Removing the growth with simple surgery
- Plastic surgery to repair any cosmetic problems that occur after treatment
- Freezing the growth off with liquid nitrogen
- Laser treatment
- Radiation therapy
- Photodynamic therapy in which the cells absorb an acid that causes them to die when exposed to light
- Creams, especially fluorouracil or imiquimod
- Reduce your exposure to the sun. Wear sunscreen, long sleeves and slacks, and hats.
- Stay out of the sun during the midday hours.
- UV light is stronger at higher elevations. If you ski or do other winter sports, wear sunscreen.
- At-risk adults should examine themselves monthly. They should also get an regular full-body exams by a dermatologist. The doctor will check for moles, freckles, and other growths.
- Limit how much time your child spends in the sun. Discourage your child from tanning.
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org
American College of Mohs Micrographic Surgery http://www.mohscollege.org
The Skin Cancer Foundation http://www.skincancer.org
Canadian Dermatology Association http://www.dermatology.ca
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Jerant A, Johnson J, Sheridan CD, Caffrey T. Early detection and treatment of skin cancer. Am Fam Physician. 2000 Jul 15;62(2):357.
Saraiya M, et al. Preventing skin cancer. MMWR. 2003 Oct 17;52(RR15):1-12. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5215a1.htm. Accessed November 10, 2012.
Squamous cell carcinoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated December 6, 2012. Accessed March 28, 2013.
Squamos cell carcinoma. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: http://www.aad.org/skin-conditions/dermatology-a-to-z/squamous-cell-carcinoma. Accessed March 28, 2013.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 02/2013 -
- Update Date: 03/28/2013 -